The infant mortality rate is a key demographic indicator that can be used to assess social, economic, and other conditions at multiple geographic scales. Access to medical care and proper nutrition are essential to the normal growth and development of infants (0 to 12 months) and toddlers... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Alternately, the rate could be multiplied by 10,000 or 1,000,000, depending on the desired comparison level. infant mortality rate: [ rāt ] the speed or frequency with which an event or circumstance occurs per unit of time, population, or other standard of comparison. -3-2. Movement of an individual who consciously and voluntarily decides to locate to a new area- the opposite of forced migration. Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. cohort. Sub Saharan Africa on the other hand shows very high death rates whilst northern Africa shows lower, but still high, death rates. To lower infant mortality rates in LDCs, basic needs must be met: clean water, good sanitary conditions, adequate nutrition, education, and family planning are paramount. ... AP Human Geography Chapter 3 Vocab. In areas where women have few rights and where there is a large income difference between the poor and the wealthy, infant mortality rates tend to be high. ... child mortality rate: Definition. A term coined by artist and author Douglas Coupland to describe people born in the United States between the years 1965 and 1980. Infant mortality rate. Infant Mortality Rate: Percentage of children who die before their first birthday in a particular region: 434143153: Internal Migration: The permanent or semi-permanent movement of individuals inside a particular country: 434143154: Intervening obstacles: Any forces that limit human migration: 434143155: Involuntary Migration Infant mortality rate. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Maintaining such a schedule requires time, effort, and—most important—access to a system of affordable health care, which is lacking in many LDCs and even in some industrialized countries. 2019 AP ® HUMAN GEOGRAPHY FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. The extension of primary health-care services is therefore a high priority in the developing countries.…. The migration event in which individuals are forced to leave a country against their will. Attractions that draw migrants to a certain place, such as a pleasant climate and employment or educational opportunities. Rates of infant mortality among Chinese and Japanese Americans tend to be the lowest of all U.S. ethnic groups. Number of deaths per thousand children within the first five years of life. Describe TWO economic reasons for the level of the infant mortality rate s in western Europe. The study of human populations, including their temporal and spatial dynamics. Maternal mortality rate refers to the number of mothers who die in childbirth for every thousand births. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. AP Human Geography : Patterns of Fertility, Mortality, & Health Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. Afghanistan has an extremely high death rate too, whilst surrounding countries have much lower death rates. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? U.S. region, mostly comprised of southeastern and southwestern states, which has grown most dramatically since World War II. AP Human Geography Chapter 2 Vocab. Health interventions designed to prevent preterm delivery and to improve prenatal care may also improve infant mortality rates. Arithmetic Population Density. In addition, because breastfeeding stimulates hormones that serve as a semieffective natural contraceptive, that benefit was lost with the switch to artificial infant formulas. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is more than twice as common among American Indian and Alaska Natives than it is among non-Hispanic whites. mgettenberg. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In least-developed countries (LDC) a primary cause of infant mortality is poor quality of water. Infant Mortality Rates. Infant mortality rate, measure of human infant deaths in a group younger than one year of age. These condtions allowed for better education and job oppurtunities, encouraging high rates of both marriage and fertility. My definition: Child mortality rate is # deaths of children under 5/ 1000 live births. Oh no! A long-term move of a person from one political jurisdiction to another. Child Mortality Rate (CMR): Number of children between the ages of 1 and 5 who die per thousand people in the population. A. Population Geography. the number of deaths in the first year of life for every 1,000 live births. Cohort. Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) The total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year old for every 1000 live births in a society. In industrialized countries, low birth weights are characteristic of premature births. According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control, infant mortality among African Americans in 2014 occurred at a rate of 10.93 deaths per 1,000 live births, nearly twice the national average of 5.82. Start studying AP Human Geography Barrons Chapter 3. AP Human Geography Barron's Ch.3 Vocab. AP Human Geography - Chapter 2: Population Geography age-sex distribution a model used in population geography that describes the ages and number of males and females within a given population; also called a ... Child Mortality Rate. Patterns of Fertility, Mortality. ... and medical conditions. Low birth weight is the single most significant characteristic associated with higher infant mortality. Identify the predominant ranges of the infant mortality rate found in South Asia and western Europe. The population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area. 34 terms. Author of Essay on the Principle of Population (1798) who claimed that population grows at an exponential rate while food production increases arithmetically, and thereby that, eventually, population growth would outspace food production. Find GCSE resources for every subject. Number of deaths per thousand children within the first five years of life. Home Embed All AP Human Geography Resources . Also, to determine whether infant mortality in Abia State in independent of sex. Total Cards. This is usually expressed in the form of n:100, where n equals the number of dependents. High birth rates to compensate a high infant mortality rate e.g. APHG Models and Theories REVIEW - use this chart to review for the AP For full credit, please include a definition, a drawing, and your source of information. ... infant mortality rate: The average number of children born to a woman during her childbearing years. Those differences stem from differences in health access, poverty, and other effects of racism. Reduced infant mortality rate reduces the need for lots of children for security. Ideally, prenatal care should begin as early in the pregnancy as possible, with visits to a health care provider every 4 weeks during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy, every 2 to 3 weeks for the next 8 weeks, and weekly thereafter until delivery. High infant mortality rates are generally indicative of unmet human health needs in sanitation, medical care, nutrition, and education. 24 terms. 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