Pages 63-67. A contract conferring possession of land, and any profits of the land, for life or a certain period as long as the terms of the contract (e.g. SCORPIUS m Astronomy, Literature, Popular Culture Derived from Greek skorpíos "scorpion" via its latinized form scorpio. An event that occurs when the shadow of a planet or moon falls upon a second body. Derived from Latin, albedo means "whiteness" (albus= "white").Albedo is measured on a scale from 0 to 1, where 0 refers to an object that is completely dark, i.e., it does not reflect … Also called the Johnson system or Johnson–Morgan system. It’s anchored to the celestial poles (directly above Earth’s north and south poles) and the celestial equator (directly above Earth’s equator). When a planet or asteroid is opposite the Sun in the sky. Also called the Local Supercluster (LSC or LC). Zodiac The Greek Archaic Period (c. 800- 479 BCE) started from what can only be termed uncertainty, and ended with the Persians being ejected from Greece for good after the battles of Plataea and Mykale in 479 BCE.. Some telescopes use extra lenses and/or mirrors to create a long effective focal length in a short tube. Watkins, however, never … Twilight The category archaic human lacks a single, agreed upon definition. Zounds! planning your trip to the next big celestial event. A unit of length refers to any arbitrarily chosen and accepted reference standard for measurement of length. archaic definition: 1. of or belonging to an ancient period in history: 2. extremely old-fashioned: 3. of or…. The apparent size of an object in the sky, or the distance between two objects, measured as an angle. PSon the other hand knows all the planets but is too primitive in describing their motion. Any prominent star pattern that isn’t a whole constellation, such as the Northern Cross or the Big Dipper. Another term for a book or volume. For example, NASA satellites typically have orbits inclined 28° to Earth’s equator. Terminator Bái-Hǔ is known as The White Tiger of the West and is a mythological spirit creature linked with the west, the left and the fall/autumn season. This page lists archaic or unusual words used in Tolkien's works. The Moon waxes, growing more illuminated, between its new and full phases, and wanes, becoming less illuminated, between its full and new phases. Also called critical velocity or critical rotation. Start studying Archaic Greece Terms Test 1. The changing illumination of the Moon (or other body) over time. Universal Time (UT)Also called Greenwich Mean Time, expressed in the 24-hour system. In context|astronomy|lang=en terms the difference between perigee and periapsis ... (possibly, archaic, outside, astrology) The point, in any trajectory of an object in space, where it is closest to the Earth. The best seeing often occurs on hazy nights, when the sky’s transparency is poor. The most common units in modern use are U.S. customary units in the United States and metric units elsewhere. As a rule of thumb, a telescope’s maximum useful magnification is 50 times its aperture in inches (or twice its aperture in millimeters). It also gives meanings to a number of archaic terms found on death certificates such as cachexia, breakbone fever, byssinosis, coeliac passion, dipsomania, inanition and Potter's Rot. The material below is an early beginning in interpreting the stones and thus is still quite a bit speculative, The Detroit News saw nothing wrong with the words betwixt and doth. A telescope’s main light-gathering lens or mirror. Knowing some of the most oft-used astronomy terms will help you better understand the nuts and bolts of stargazing and the science of astronomy. A number denoting the brightness of a star or other celestial object. The part of a telescope that you look into. In most telescopes the focal length is roughly equal to the length of the tube. Read more about ways to measure time here. of these the first dissertation concerns with the understanding of Archaic Astronomy from the stand-point of a psychologist of perception, trained in Astronomy. Unit-Power Finder Astronomical Unit The average distance from Earth to the Sun, slightly less than 93 million miles (150 million kilometers). According to one definition, Homo sapiens is a single species comprising several subspecies that include the archaics and modern humans. Culmination This contans two dissertations on (1) Understanding Archaic Astronomy and (2) Permenides and the Tantric Yoga. The angular distance the Moon or a planet is from the Sun. Focal Ratio (f/number) When an object moves in the reverse sense of “normal” motion. He was born in Barton-upon-Humber and worked and died there. A telescope that gathers light with a lens. Also called the galactic year or cosmic year. Ecliptic aes cyprium.Cyprian brass or copper. During the 4th century BCE, Plato and Aristotle agreed on a geocentric model but both thinkers did so based on mystical arguments: The stars and planets were carried around the earth on spheres, arranged in a concentric fashion. When transparency is high, you see the most stars. A mirror or prism in an elbow-shaped housing that attaches to the focuser of a refractor or compound telescope. Milky Way The point in the sky that’s directly overhead. Double Star (Binary Star) It’s equal to the telescope’s focal length divided by the eyepiece’s focal length. Seeing A measure of the atmosphere’s stability. Generally, the lower the magnification, the wider the field of view. As the so-called new-age movement incorrectly uses the term, ley lines are said to be paths of energy running across the surface of the earth. Brown was an amateur Orientalist. The Archaic Period is preceded by the Greek Dark Age (c.1200- 800 BCE), a period about which little is known for sure, and followed by the Classical Period (c. 510- 323 BCE), … Dirk L. Couprie. Greek literature, body of writings in the Greek language, with a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium bc to the present day. During the archaic period the Doric and Ionic architectural orders came into being. Eyepiece Ephemeris Viewing an object by looking slightly to its side. Learn more. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A glow in the night sky or around your observing site caused by artificial light. Globular clusters may contain up to a million stars, and most are at least 10 billion years old (almost as old as the universe itself). This second edition has been fully updated and expanded, and is double the size of the first, with hundreds more archaic medical terms included. LordZB. Sky & Telescope maintains a strict policy of editorial independence from the AAS and its research publications in reporting developments in astronomy to readers. Eccentricity Another term for open cluster as they are typically located in the arms of spiral galaxies where there is abundant dust and gas essential for star formation. Copyright ©2020 AAS Sky Publishing LLC. A broad, faintly glowing band stretching across the night sky, composed of billions of stars in our galaxy too faint to be seen individually. Planispheres can be used to identify stars and constellations but not the planets, whose positions are always changing. For instance, a telescope with an 80-mm-wide lens and a 400-mm focal length has a focal ratio of f/5. A telescope with a mirror in the back and a lens in the front. semi-major axis Also major … The time after sunset or before sunrise when the sky is not fully dark. 1723, John Harris, “Planets”, in Lexicon Technicum: Or, An Universal English Dictionary Of Arts And Sciences: The Motions of the Å¿ix Primary Planets round the Sun is So adjuÅ¿ted, that the Square of the Times of their peroidical [ sic] … He was also a writer on archaic religion, mythology, and astronomy. Reflector The celestial equivalent of latitude, denoting how far (in degrees) an object in the sky lies north or south of the celestial equator. Dark adaptation is rapid during the first 5 or 10 minutes after you leave a well-lit room, but full adaptation requires at least a half hour — and it can be ruined by a momentary glance at a bright light. Finderscope The higher the magnitude, the fainter the object. Many galaxies (including ours) have supermassive black holes at their centers. A few venture closer to the Sun and cross Earth’s orbit. quotations . Description ignore name meanings. Yet crystal-clear nights with superb transparency often have poor seeing. A massive ball of gas that generates prodigious amounts of energy (including light) from nuclear fusion in its hot, dense core. A star ending its life in a huge explosion. Also called a gravitational primary, primary body, or central body. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z. Angular Size and Distance Aether nitri, literally "nitric ether", was ethyl nitrate (C 2 H 5 NO 3) . Read more about ways to measure time here. Parallax The Difference Between astronomy … Histogram Retrograde Archaic definition, marked by the characteristics of an earlier period; antiquated: an archaic manner; an archaic notion. The angle between the plane of an orbit and a reference plane. Most eyepieces have metal barrels that are 1¼ inches in diameter; other standard sizes are 0.965 and 2 inches across. 20 Great Archaic Words. Plato even described the universe as the Spindle of Necessity, attended by the Sirens and turned by the three Fates. I n his day Brown Junior was quite highly regarded as a popular writer. Nebula It’s invisible when the sky is lit up by artificial light or bright moonlight. Messier object Many stars are multiples (doubles, triples, or more) gravitationally bound together. When the Moon or a planet passes directly in front of a more distant planet or star. When Earth’s shadow falls upon the Moon, it causes a lunar eclipse. Star Diagonal Famous astronomers of antiquity Aglaonice Anaxagoras Archimedes Archytas Aristaeus Aristarchus Aristyllus Conon of Samos Democritus Empedocles Heraclides Ponticus Hicetas Hippocrates of Chios Macrobius Martianus Capella Menelaus of Alexandria ( Menelaus theorem) Meton … Solar FilterMaterial that allows safe viewing of the Sun by blocking nearly all of its light. Dobs provide more aperture per dollar than any other telescope design. Meteor Shower An event where a large number of meteors enter the Earth's atmosphere from the same direction in space at nearly the same time. aether: ether. cal adj. Occultation Publication: Astronomy of the Ancients. Averted Vision Archaic Astronomical Instruments . axle (plural axles) The pin or spindle on which a wheel revolves, or which revolves with a wheel. The Shape of the Earth According to Thales. Most people chose this as the best definition of dreyer: (astronomy, archaic) A Dr... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. acidum salis: hydrochloric acid (HCl, marine acid, muriatic acid, spirit of salt); literally "acid of salt".. ad siccum: to dryness, as in evaporation to dryness.. aer fixus: fixed air. Also called the plane of the ecliptic or simply the ecliptic. Ducat, in Latin, means "he rules", "she rules", or "it rules". A plot of the number of pixels in an image at each brightness level. A mount’s top, or head, can be either alt-azimuth (turning side to side, up and down) or equatorial (turning parallel to the celestial coordinate system). A new analysis of ancient genomes suggests that different branches of the human family tree interbred multiple times, and that some humans carry DNA from an archaic, unknown ancestor. Archaic Astronomy and the World-Picture of a Flat Earth. The two times each year, near March 20th and September 22nd, when the Sun is directly overhead at noon as seen from Earth’s equator. 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