Secret detention places, solitary, incommunicado, or other similar forms of detention are prohibited. Such amendments shall be valid as part of this Constitution when approved by a majority of the votes cast at an election at which the amendments are submitted to the people for their ratification. (11) All acts passed by the National Assembly of the Commonwealth of the Philippines shall be reported to the Congress of the United States. (3) All cases in which the jurisdiction of any trial courts is in issue. (3) The National Assembly shall convene in regular session once every year, on the second Monday of the month immediately following that on which the election of its Members was held, unless a different date is fixed by law. (2) No provision or enactment shall be embraced in the general appropriation, unless it relates specifically to some particular appropriation in the bill; and any such provision or enactment shall be limited in its operation to such appropriation. Due process is a law that hears before it condemns. Section 20. In other words, a Filipino citizen can be deprived of his life, liberty or property provided he is given the chance to defend himself. Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military. Upon the last reading of a bill no amendment thereof shall be allowed, and the question upon its final passage shall be taken immediately thereafter, and the yeas and nays entered on the Journal. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 3. 2. No private corporation or association may acquire, lease, or hold public agricultural lands in excess of one thousand and twenty-four hectares, nor may any individual acquire such lands by purchase in excess of one hundred and forty-four hectares, or by lease in excess of one thousand and twenty-four hectares, or by homestead in excess of twenty-four hectares. 4. Save in cases of hereditary succession, no private agricultural land shall be transferred or assigned except to individuals, corporations, or associations qualified to acquire or hold lands of the public domain in the Philippines. (1) The President shall have control of all the executive departments, bureaus, or offices, exercise general supervision over all local governments as may be provided by law, and take care that the laws be faithfully executed. SECTION 1. I HEREBY CERTIFY that this Constitution was adopted by the Constitutional Convention on February 8, 1935. SEC. If an act is punished by a law and an ordinance, conviction or acquittal under either shall constitute a bar to another prosecution for the same act. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of three-fourths of all the Members who do not belong to the Commission on Impeachment. The Philippine Constitution of 1987 is taken up in Hekasi (high school), and in Philippine history and political sciences courses (college) without a corresponding study of the various constitutions we have had in the past. The liberty of abode and of changing the same within the limits prescribed by law shall not be impaired except upon lawful order of the court. (21) Free access to the courts shall not be denied to any person by reason of poverty. (2) No bill shall be passed or become a law unless it shall have been printed and copies thereof in its final form furnished the Members at least three calendar days prior to its passage by the National Assembly, except when the President shall have certified to the necessity of its immediate enactment. (3) Any confession or admission obtained in violation of this or Section 17 hereof shall be inadmissible in evidence against him. The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas or Konstitusyon ng Pilipinas, Spanish: Constitución de la República de Filipinas) is the constitution or supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines.Its final draft was completed by the Constitutional Commission on October 12, 1986 and was ratified by a nationwide plebiscite on February 2, 1987. 1899 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES. No person elected President may be re-elected for the following term, nor shall the Vice-President or any other person who may have succeeded to the office of President as herein provided at least one year before the election, be eligible to the office of President at such election. Pending the final and complete withdrawal of the sovereignty of the United States over the Philippines, there shall be a Resident Commissioner of the Philippines to the United Stateswho shall be appointed by the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines with the consent of the Commission on Appointments. ... Constitution of Liberty 2. SEC. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations. SECTION 1. 12. The powers and duties of the Resident Commissioner shall be as provided in section seven, paragraph five of Public Act Numbered One hundred and twenty-seven of the Congress of the United States, approved March twenty-four, nineteen hundred and thirty-four, together with such other duties as the National Assembly may determine. SEC. SEC. The promotion of social justice to insure the well-being and economic security of all the people should be the concern of the State. The Philippines, is a republican state. These Commissions shall be constituted within thirty days after the National Assembly shall have been organized with the election of its Speaker, and shall meet only while the National Assembly is in session, at the call of their respective Chairmen or a majority of their members, to discharge such powers and functions as are herein conferred upon them. Elections for President and Vice-President shall be held once every six years on a date to be fixed by the National Assembly. 2. No person shall be a Member of the National Assembly unless he has been five years a citizen of the Philippines, is at least thirty years of age, and, at the time of his election, a qualified elector, and a resident of the province in which he is chosen for not less than one year immediately prior to his election. (7) The debts, liabilities, and obligations of the present Government of the Philippine Islands, its provinces, municipalities, and instrumentalities, valid and subsisting at the time of the adoption of the Constitution, shall be assumed and paid by the Government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. (5) Trade relations between the Philippines and the United States shall be upon the basis prescribed in section six of Public Act Numbered One hundred and twenty-seven of the Congress of the United States approved March twenty-four, nineteen hundred and thirty-four. He shall receive ambassadors and other ministers duly accredited to the Government of the Philippines. No franchise or right shall be granted to any individual, firm, or corporation, except under the condition that it shall be subject to amendment, alteration, or repeal by the National Assembly when the public interest so requires. 2. 12. All laws of the Philippine Islands shall continue in force until the inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines; thereafter, such laws shall remain operative, unless inconsistent with this Constitution, until amended, altered, modified, or repealed by the National Assembly, and all references in such laws to the Government or officials of the Philippine Islands shall be construed, in so far as applicable, to refer to the Government and corresponding officials under this Constitution. SEC. SEC. IF IT IS RIGHT for the United States to hold the Philippine Islands permanently and imitate European empires in the government of colonies, the Republican Party ought to state its position and defend it, but it must expect the subject races to protest against such a policy and to resist to the extent of their ability. 4. (16) The authority of the United States High Commissioner to the Government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines as provided in Public Act Numbered One hundred and twenty-seven of the Congress of the United States approved March twenty-four, nineteen hundred and thirty-four, is hereby recognized. The conclusions of the Supreme Court in any case submitted to it for decision shall be reached in consultation before the case is assigned to a Justice for the writing of the opinion of the Court. SEC. The Supreme Court shall be composed of a Chief Justice and ten Associate Justices and may sit either in banc or in two divisions unless otherwise provided by law. The right of the people, including those employed in the public and private sectors, to form unions, associations, or societies for purposes not contrary to law shall not be abridged. Early Filipinos has both written and unwritten laws. Officers and employees in the Civil Service, including members of the armed forces, shall not engage directly or indirectly in partisan political activities or take part in any election except to vote. 11. The following are citizens of the Philippines: (1) Those who are citizens of the Philippine Islands at the time of the adoption of this Constitution. Until the National Assembly shall provide otherwise, the Auditor General shall receive an annual compensation of twelve thousand pesos. 10. (12) No person shall be imprisoned for debt or nonpayment of a poll tax. (1) The President shall submit within fifteen days of the opening of each regular session of the National Assembly a budget of receipts and expenditures, which shall be the basis of the general appropriation bill. The Members of the National Assembly for theMountainProvinceshall be elected as may be provided by law. Suffrage may be exercised by male citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are twenty-one years of age or over and are able to read and write, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for one year and in the municipality wherein they propose to vote for at least six months preceding the election. (1) No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense without due process of law. Section 22. Optional religious instruction shall be maintained in the public schools as now authorized by law. A Civil Service embracing all branches and subdivisions of the Government shall be provided by law. Section 11. No person shall be twice put in jeopardy of punishment for the same offense. Section 13. The State may, in the interest of national welfare and defense, establish and operate industries and means of transportation and communication, and, upon payment of just compensation, transfer to public ownership utilities and other private enterprises to be operated by the Government. (5) All cases in which an error or question of law is involved. Article 2. The Members of the National Assembly shall in all cases except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the sessions of the National Assembly, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate therein, they shall not be questioned in any other place. ARTICLE XII.—CONSERVATION AND UTILIZATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES. SEC. (1) The privacy of communication and correspondence shall be inviolable except upon lawful order of the court, or when public safety or order requires otherwise, as prescribed by law. SECTION 1. The National Assembly shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. 8. The National Assembly shall, with the concurrence of two-thirds of all its Members, have the sole power to declare war. Universities established by the State shall enjoy academic freedom. 4. The 8th Asia Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas), Popularly known as the 1987 Constitution, is the constitution or the supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines. The Constitution of Biak-na-Bato, promulgated on November 1, 1897, the Constitution of the Federal Republic of the Philippines drafted by Mariana Ponce in Hong Kong in April, 1898, the Constitutional Program of the Philippine Republic that Apolmario Mabini submitted to Emilio Aguinaldo before the inauguration of the Malolos Republic, the Proposed Constitution for the Island of Negros signed by the … ARTICLE I THE NATIONAL TERRITORY SECTION 1. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Ipagdiwang. (14) The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended except in cases of invasion, insurrection, or rebellion, when the public safety requires it, in any of which events the same may be suspended wherever during such period the necessity for such suspension shall exist. SEC. The 1935 Constitution, which featured a political system virtually identical to the American one, became operative. (1) All cases in which the constitutionality or validity of any treaty, law, ordinance, or executive order or regulation is in question. If the purpose for which a special fund was created has been fulfilled or abandoned, the balance, if any, shall be transferred to the general funds of the Government. Until the National Assembly shall provide otherwise, the Supreme Court shall have such original and appellate jurisdiction as may be possessed and exercised by the Supreme Court of the Philippine Islands at the time of the adoption of this Constitution. 14. ( Log Out / All cases involving the constitutionality of treaty or law shall be heard and decided by the Supreme Court in banc, and no treaty or law may be declared unconstitutional without the concurrence of two-thirds of all the members of the Court. Preamble. When sitting for that purpose the Members shall be on oath or affirmation. SEC. The National Assembly shall elect from among its Members, on the basis of proportional representation of the political parties therein, a Commission on Appointments and a Commission on Impeachment, each to consist of twenty-one members. I HEREBY CERTIFY that this Constitution shall be vested in a President of the United States established RELATIONS... 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